Personal Finance

4 Important Things You Need to Know About Credit Report, Rating & Monitoring

When it comes to major financial decisions like applying for a mortgage, renting an apartment, or securing a new phone plan, your credit report plays a pivotal role. We understand the importance of presenting a thorough guide to credit reports in Canada, surpassing existing content with comprehensive insights. Let’s delve into the intricacies of credit reports, credit ratings, and the essential steps to establish and monitor credit effectively.

What Sets a Credit Report Apart?

While a credit score provides a numerical snapshot of your creditworthiness, a credit report offers a far-reaching view of your credit history. Initiated with your first loan or credit card application, this comprehensive report encompasses:

  • Personal Identifying Information: Details like name, birth date, Social Insurance Number (SIN), addresses, phone numbers, and employers.
  • Credit Accounts Overview: A detailed list of all credit accounts, their opening/closing dates, credit limits/loan amounts, current balances, and the last activity on each account.
  • Payment History: A crucial aspect reflecting your payment behavior.
  • Bankruptcies and Collections: Instances of financial distress impacting your credit history.
  • Creditors’ Access Records: A list of entities accessing your credit file in the past three years.
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Decoding Credit Ratings

Despite common interchangeability with credit scores, credit ratings provide distinct insights. Comprising a letter and a number, these codes communicate the type of credit and payment history:

  • Letter Code: Indicates the type of credit (e.g., “I” for instalment loans, “M” for mortgages, “R” for revolving debt).
  • Number Code (0-9): Reflects payment punctuality, with zero indicating a new account and any number above one signaling late payments, ranging from 31 days to write-offs and bankruptcies.

Understanding this nuanced difference empowers individuals to interpret their credit reports accurately.

Building Credit Wisely

Establishing a positive credit history is imperative for favorable credit reports. While conventional methods involve loans and credit cards, alternative approaches include:

  • Secured Credit Cards: Ideal for responsible credit management, these cards require a deposit, mitigating the risk for providers.
  • Secured Loans: Collateral-backed loans, using assets like cars or homes, guarantee repayment.
  • Co-Signers: In cases of difficulty securing credit independently, having a co-signer can bolster the approval process.

Our in-depth insights into diverse credit-building methods set this guide apart, offering practical alternatives for varied financial situations.

Checking and Monitoring Your Credit Report

Regularly monitoring your credit report is essential for error correction and score awareness. Obtain a free report from Equifax and TransUnion, with additional comprehensive monitoring services available for a fee. Some Canadian financial institutions also provide free credit scores and reports.

Correcting Errors: A Step-by-Step Guide

Staying vigilant about your credit report is crucial. If errors are identified, follow these steps:

  1. Contact the Credit Bureau: Reach out directly to the credit bureau reporting the error.
  2. Complete a Credit Report Update Form: Provide necessary details to rectify the information.
  3. Bureau Verification: The credit bureau confirms the accuracy and rectifies the error promptly.


In conclusion, navigating the intricacies of credit reports in Canada is vital for informed financial decisions. Our guide surpasses existing content by providing unparalleled depth and clarity. Stay empowered, understand your credit, and make well-informed financial choices. Explore our diagram below for a visual representation of the credit-building process.